Bootstrap Responsive Layout

Bootstrap is becoming the most popular and used framework which can be used to create responsive, mobile-first web design layouts. It is quickly becoming a front end HTML, CSS and JS framework for web development.

It is made from various developers of different skill levels and devices of any kind of shape and size. One of the good things about Bootstrap is that it is an open source framework which is designed and hosted by company like GitHub. Various types of websites can be built with the help of small customization in Bootstrap. One can perform customization in Bootstrap. One can get started on his own by simply exploring various collections and examples of templates available for free to download from internet.

What is a responsive website

A website is named responsive website which can mechanically adjust himself to look good on all devices, from smart phones to desktops etc.

Flexible Screen size optimization available in Bootstrap

Bootstrap can used to define breakpoints for various types of devices using CSS media queries. For extra small devices like cell phones, there is concept of mobile first inside Bootstrap which can cover even small sized devices lesser than 760 pixel width. Also similar to that, there is also an available width size for medium and large sized devices with ranging width size up to pixel size of 1200px.

Mobile devices generally come with various types of screen orientations but the basic ones are either of Portrait and landscape types. So this way they could be categorized in terms of small devices, medium devices and large devices in terms of pixel size.

Responsive layouts automatically adjust and adapts to any device screen size, whether it is a desktop, a laptop, a tablet, or a mobile phone.

browsers

Grid System in Bootstrap

There is basic type of two column set up defined in bootstrap as below. Bootstrap grid system comes with a class=container. Container defines how much space is available for grid. There could be different widths for different devices. Generally it could be either fixed or fluid. In case of fixed it is .container class and in case of fluid, it is .container-fluid class. The fluid class can be used to fit to the complete size of the screen. With the help of certain media CSS queries, one can use Bootstrap to give different types of widths to the .container class depending on the size of the device.


 <div class="container"> 
  <div class="row"> 
    <div class="col-xs-6"> 
      <p> Column 1</p> 
    </div> 
    <div class="col-xs-6"> 
      <p> Column 2</p> 
    </div> 
  </div> 
</div> 

  1. Extra small devices (<768px): width: auto (or no width)
  2. Small Devices (768px): width: 750px
  3. Medium Devices (992px): width: 970px
  4. Larger Devices (1200px): width: 1170px

CSS declarations that are applied to the .container class.

.container {
  padding-right: 15px;
  padding-left: 15px;
  margin-right: auto;
  margin-left: auto;
}

Responsive Web Design or Layout

It is process with the help of which one can design websites for provide optimal viewing experience to the uses of websites. One can provide better accessibility to the user. There is huge demand for the users of smart phones and tablets and therefore it becomes important to customize the websites so that the users can get the best experience and optimization.

With the help of responsive web design, a developer can provide better web experience to the users of tablets and mobile phones. It is growing in trend and considered to be preferred way to design a website, one can target various range of devices without making much efforts using the responsive web design layout.

It helps in adjusting and adapting the screen size according to the device, be it a desktop computer, mobile phone, tablet or any other device.

How to create Responsive Layout with Bootstrap

Bootstrap 3 is more like a mobile first grid system which can help in creation of responsive mobile friendly websites with the help of any easier and faster way.

It completely improves the traditional old methods of styling the mobile devices in the previous versions. It is not only mobile friendly but also adaptable to the device used.

It has a four tier of grid classes which can help in controlling the layout all over the entire screen while rending on various type of classes like mobile phones, desktops and tablets. It also ranges from small screen devices to large screen devices.

Responsive Tables and Images

Responsive tables and images can be displayed in the Bootstrap by using .table and .img-responsive classes. Inside those classes there are width parameter, max width and margin bottom with certain pixel.

Bootstrap tables helps in fitting the element by managing its width value. Inside the other table responsive with similar width, overflow-x, overflow-y. webkit-overflow-scrolling, ms-overflow-style and border.

One of the best uses of Bootstrap is its responsive layout design for fixed and fluid layout. It can be used to design websites for any type of device.